Game theory models this by looking at the possible outcomes from a move and the gains and losses to the player from each possible move the best strategy maximises the gains and minimises the losses over a game or a number of games in biology life to coin a phrase is the name of the game for example when an animal is defending a territory or a mate or both it may be a hawk and act . J theoret biol 1961 i 382 403 evolution and the theory of games r c lewontin dept of biology university of rochester rochester new york received 6 march 1961 the shortcomings of present population genetic theory are discussed as they pertain to problems of speciation extinction and the evolution of genetic systems. Evolution and the theory of games is a book by the british evolutionary biologist john maynard smith on evolutionary game theory the book was initially published in december 1982 by cambridge university press. Evolution and the theory of games 387 the normal form of a game the enumeration of a game in extensive form with all its moves and local outcomes can be reduced to a simpler form the normal form by tracing any particular path along the game tree a set of sequential acts for a given player can be enumerated. In this 1982 book the theory of games first developed to analyse economic behaviour is modified so that it can be applied to evolving populations john maynard smiths concept of an evolutionarily stable strategy is relevant whenever the best thing for an animal or plant to do depends on what others are doing the theory leads to testable predictions about the evolution of behaviour of sex
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